Archive 2014/4 & 2015/0

Post excerpts from December 2014 to November 2015

Lasse Lehtinen on President Kekkonen’s constant fear of the Soviet and their financial backing of him.
Kekkonen is impressed in the minds of the Finnish people as a man above all others. He was the man who appeared equal in negotiations with a cruel dictatorship and never gave in an inch more than was absolutely necessary. This is the image he himself crafted and aptly served us, his subordinates, but the truth may have been slightly different.
President Kekkonen (on the right) having a laugh with the President of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov (left) and CPSU chairman Khrushchev during a Moscow visit in 1960.
President Kekkonen (on the right) having a laugh with the President of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov (left) and CPSU chairman Khrushchev during a Moscow visit in 1960.
Kekkonen was consistent in never speaking against the USSR: “I have only said what I wouldn’t mind the USSR to know and vice versa. I know that the intelligence services on both sides can at times find out what I have said and when and such two-facedness would only hurt our country.”
Many Finns believed at the time – and many still do – that Kekkonen had in fact ordered the “Note Crisis”. Kekkonen had turned to the USSR for support and he could expect some help from that direction, but the help that came was an overreach. Kekkonen was surely annoyed by a such a strong demonstration of “support and comradery”.
“Kekkonen was more and more convinced that no outsider would consider helping Finland should things come to worst with our eastern neighbor.”

Miika Raudaskoski: The concept of a return to the Cold War have risen ever more forcefully with the Ukraine crisis. The familiar vocabulary of the Cold War with terms like <em>East, West, spheres of influence, geopolitics and neutrality have been resurrected in the political rhetoric.
As a matter of fact, we have not returned to the Cold War. And bringing old descriptors directly to modern rhetoric oversimplifies the world and our perception. For instance, the talk about the East and the West is nothing if not problematic.
Figure by Spiegel 48/2009 http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/nato-s-eastward-expansion-did-the-west-break-its-promise-to-moscow-a-663315.html
The Soviet Union was a stiff monolith where the rate of change was glacial. Russia, on the other hand, is an agile, ameba-like system that is hard grasp. Also the nationalism and the rise of the national boisterous bravado sets it apart from its socialistic predecessor.
Neutrality has become a word rife with issues in the new political order. The EU membership and the partnership with NATO have stripped it from any significant meaning for Finland and Sweden.
Old consepts foster old ways to do things. The search for solution paradigms using a world of polarity has lost its usefulness in the globally-connected world.

What If Russia Demands a Naval Base in Finland or Invades a Swedish Island?

Posted March 4, 2015

Preparing for the worst is vital for every independent nation. Scenarios as possible chains of events are an important tool of assessment.
The events described below are completely fictional. These aren’t predictions of the future. They are fabricated chains of events to facilitate thinking and planning.
Our scenarios are located in the Baltic Sea. Central factors in them are the level of readiness of the countries around Finland and that of NATO as well as Russia’s military capabilities and it’s willingness to use military force. Russia’s modes of action are taken to include several elements of hybrid warfare as well as those of information and psychological warfare.
ahvenanmaanetti
– There is an attempt to capture another oil tanker. Russia announces that it will step up patrolling in the Gulf of Finland and in the northern Baltic Sea.
– Russia announces that it is now forced to shoulder the main responsibility over the security of the Baltic Sea, because terrorists supported by western governments are trying to destroy Russia by strangling its exports.
– Russia has with its readiness exercise created the ability to conduct amphibious and airborne assaults anywhere in the Baltic Sea region within 24 hours.
– The Gotlands folkrepublik (Gotland’s People’s Republic) makes its first appearance on the internet. Gotlanders are seizing the responsibility over their resources, economy and government.
– In the Swedish mainland three large car bombs go off: one in Stockholm, another in Malmö and the third in Göteborg. Svenka Islamistiska Arméen (Swedish Islamistic Army), an organization that security police Säpo has never heard of claims responsibity for the strikes.
– The Finns have located a massive, low-flying squadron that seems to indicate a formidable bombing strike is being prepared. Hornets are sent to make identification flights in preparation for Swedish Gripens to strike above the Gulf of Finland.
– Demonstrations in Narva, Estonia are beginning in a magnitude never seen before, and they quickly become riots. The situation becomes extremely tense when the local police chief is kidnapped and an officer of the Estonian armed forces is publicly executed.
– Russia makes a statement that Sweden giving access to NATO planes and troops is a provocation and claims a right to preemptive strikes against Sweden. Russian forces also advance closer to the Finnish border on the Karelian peninsula and near the Arctic Circle.

Fanatism Among Immigrants Has a History

Posted January 12, 2015

upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f0/Immigrant-children-ellis-island.jpg/512px-Immigrant-children-ellis-island.jpg Immigrant children, Ellis Island, New York in 1908.
Marko Maunula: Irish gangs as well as violence, crime, and secret organizations are stock issues for all serious researchers of the history American immigration.
Some Italians, Finns, Jews, Germans and other immigrants were drawn to anarchism. In 1894 the President of France Sadi Carnot was murdered by anarchists and the King of Italy Umberto I in the year 1900. In the following year the US President William McKinley was murdered by Leon Czolgosz, a Polish-American anarchist.
The explosion at the Chicago Haymarket Riot in 1886, killing 11 people and wounding dozens, took place in a strike meeting that had a flair of revolutionary spirit and was set up by anarchists. The Wall Street bombing in 1920 killed at least 38 and wounded hundreds. The terrorists were never caught but Italian anarchists ranked at the top of the suspects.
As tragic as the recent occurrences of Islamic terrorism in Europe, America and across the globe, they are not a new or unprecedented phenomenon.

Is the Internet Really an Epic Failure?

Posted December 29, 2014

Despite his strong critique of Andrew Keen’s main points, Keen’s upcoming book ‘Internet is NOT the answer’ is a must read for Jyrki Kasvi.
from http://wronghands1.wordpress.com/2012/07/13/social-media/
Essential question is whether digitalization is a similar force of creative destruction that steam and electric power were; the economy and society adapted to these new technologies in about one generation after which they generated new kinds of growth and prosperity.
For Andrew Keen a text only becomes meaningful when its publication has been decided by an editor, the text has been edited by professionals of the editorial staff, there has been a fee paid to the author, and the readers are paying their subscriptions.
Have I become a slave if I am willing to create and share content for free?
It is all about the Internet enabling an actual flood of innovation that the market is filtering for gems; it is like a ‘million monkeys’ as an innovation environment.